Coco peat (cocopeat), also known as coir pith. coir fibre pith, coir dust, or simply coir, is made from coconut husks. Advantages: Trichoderma is a naturally occurring fungus in coco peat; it works in symbiosis with plant roots to protect them from pathogenic fungi such as phythium. Coco Peat has high capacity to hold water. So with Coco Peat mixture of potting medium it requires less watering frequency and less fertilizers. The more water the potting soil holds, the healthier the plant grows. How to use: Coco Peat block expands and aerates by the addition of water. A single kilogram of coco peat will expand to 15 litres of moist coco peat. Break the block into two to three peices, drop it into 2-4 Ltrs of warm water. Once the water is absorbed completely, mix this with soil and compost. Use this mixture in pots for planting, sowinng seeds, repotting etc. Varied prportions of Coco Peat is advised depending on the watering requirements of the plants.